by Alejandra Cavazos
[student, Rome Sketchbook course, spring 2011]
SACROS LATERAN ECCLES
MONIV VRBIS ET ORBIS
“The sacred church of the Lateran,
mother Cathedral of Rome and of the world.”
The original meaning of the word ecclesiarum was an assembly of people. It comes from the Greek 'ecclesia', and came to mean the physical building where Christians gathered.
The Chi-Rho is a monogram
of the name of Christ,
it is a combination of the first two letters
of his name in the greek alphabet, X and P.
The inscription in the Arch of Constantine shows how Constantine opened to Christianity and other religions, so as to avoid offending any one. The use of the word Divinity can be applied to any god.
Latin inscriptions in the monuments were a kind of propaganda for the people of Rome. Latin, right up to today, has been the preferred language for important communication in monuments.